An Extraordinary Liechtenstein Passport With A History. My German fellow collector G.J. informed me about this fantastic and quite unusual document which he was able to acquire recently and I have to share it with you all because it´s just awesome passport history.
This passport from the Principality of Liechtenstein was issued Feb 1915 and last entries are from Jul 1920.Plenty of stamps in and out of Lichtenstein going to Austria and Switzerland. Tiny Principality of Liechtenstein borders with Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
But look at the document. They took the cover page and other pages of the passport and glued it on a notebook with more than fifty pages. At the back cover there is a seal with a security thread which confirm this “handmade” passport was done by officials.
Page twenty eight shows for example the extension of the passport in 1918 for another three years including a nice revenue stamp from Liechtenstein. Page thirteen shows an Austrian permission to enter and leave the extended war zone, issued in April 1916.
Page forty six and forty seven shows the Swiss permission including revenues for the so called “Kleiner Grenzverkehr” (regular boder traffic) which means as faster border crossing. However he had to enter and to leave at the same day.
Page fifty shows a Swiss visa issued July 1920. Indeed an outstanding travel document of significant passport history. Thank you for sharing G.J.!
After a bit research I found more details about the bearer of the passport – Josef Malin – who was quite a guy in Liechtenstein – a universal Genie. More details here (in German language but with a online translation you will get the main purpose of this story about this man). His son Georg Malin (* 8 February 1926 in Mauren, Liechtenstein) is a Liechtenstein artist, historian and politician.
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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?
The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...
2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?
Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...
3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?
"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...
4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?
Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...
5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?
Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.
6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?
7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?
During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...
8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?
Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.
9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?
Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.
10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?
A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉
11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?
First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...
Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.
Question? Contact me...