Arthur Henderson – Nobel Peace Prize Passport

Arthur Henderson Nobel Prize

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 to Maria Ressa and Dmitry Muratov for their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace. Ms. Ressa and Mr. Muratov are receiving the Peace Prize for their courageous fight for freedom of expression in the Philippines and Russia. At the same time, they are representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world where democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions. Arthur Henderson Nobel Prize

Eighty-eight years earlier, it was ARTHUR HENDERSON, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for his work for the League of Nations, particularly its efforts in disarmament,” and you can see his passport here, which was in my archive (including his wife’s passport) but is now with a passionate British collector.

ARTHUR HENDERSON (13 September 1863 – 20 October 1935) was a British iron molder and Labour politician. He was the first Labour cabinet minister, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1934, and, uniquely, served three separate terms as Leader of the Labour Party in three different decades. Henderson was popular among his colleagues, who called him “Uncle Arthur” in acknowledgment of his integrity, devotion to the cause, and imperturbability. He was a transitional figure whose policies were, at first, close to those of the Liberal Party, and the trade unions rejected his emphasis on arbitration and conciliation and thwarted his goal of unifying the Labour Party and the trade unions. In 1929, Labour formed another minority government, and MacDonald appointed Henderson as Foreign Secretary, a position Henderson used to try to reduce the tensions that had been building up in Europe since the end of the First World War. Diplomatic relations were re-established with the USSR, and Henderson guaranteed Britain’s full support to the League of Nations. Arthur Henderson Nobel Prize

 

There are two significant characteristics in Henderson’s passport! The inner cover side has the usual greetings text of British passports and is signed by Arthur Henderson as Foreign Secretary. As it’s his own passport, he literally issued the document to himself as Foreign Secretary. Furthermore, on page ten of his passport, Bergen’s border control stamp is visible when he was on the way to Sweden to receive his Nobel Peace Prize. The stamp is from 9 December 1934, one day before the Nobel ceremony! These travel documents in excellent condition are British (passport) history at their finest! Arthur Henderson Nobel Prize

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