Border Control in the 20th Century

border control 20th centuryBorder control

has become an increasingly important issue in the 20th century due to the rise of globalization and international travel. Governments around the world have implemented various measures to control the movement of people across their borders, with passports playing a crucial role in this process.

Before the 20th century

there were no standardized documents required for international travel. People would simply show their identification and travel documents, if any, to border officials, who would often rely on their own discretion to decide whether to allow the person to enter the country or not. This system was inefficient and prone to abuse, with many people traveling without proper documents and many border officials being corrupt. border control 20th century

Passport Standardization

The development of passports as a standardized form of identification for international travel helped to solve many of these problems. Passports are documents issued by governments to their citizens, which contain information about the person’s identity, nationality, and other relevant information. They are required for entry into most countries around the world, and are checked by border officials to ensure that the person is who they claim to be.

Widespread use of passports

The use of passports became widespread in the early 20th century, with many countries introducing them as a requirement for entry into their territory. However, it was not until after World War I that passports became a universal requirement for international travel.

In addition to passports, governments also implemented other measures to control the movement of people across their borders. These measures included visa requirements, which require people to obtain permission from the host country before they can enter, and border checkpoints, where people are screened for their documents and other relevant information.

New Technologies border control 20th century

The development of new technologies also played a significant role in border control in the 20th century. For example, the introduction of biometric passports, which contain information about the person’s fingerprints or other biometric data, has made it easier to identify people and prevent fraud. Other technologies, such as facial recognition and fingerprint scanning, have also been used to improve border control processes.

Critisism and Controvercies

However, the increased focus on border control has also led to criticism and controversy. Many people have argued that strict border control measures infringe on people’s freedom of movement, and that they can also lead to discrimination and xenophobia. Others have pointed out that border control measures are often ineffective at preventing illegal immigration, and that they can be costly and difficult to enforce.

Outlook border control 20th century

Despite these challenges, border control will likely remain an important issue in the 21st century as globalization and international travel continue to increase. As technology continues to develop, new innovations will likely be introduced to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of border control processes. However, it will be important for governments to strike a balance between security and freedom of movement, and to ensure that their border control measures are fair and just for all people.

Read more… National borders in 20th Century Europe

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