German Passport 1646 – Duchess of Hesse

german passport duchess 1646

german passport duchess 1646Very rare and early identification document from the final phase of the Thirty Years’ War for a duke’s messenger to Eisleben and Herringen, which probably was responsible for conveying the princely annual Christmas post. – On the lower right corner is a note found on the disbursement of wages messengers (27 guilders) of 30 Januar 1647th – Anna Eleanor, daughter of the Landgrave Ludwig V of Hesse-Darmstadt (1577-1626), later married 1617 George, Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg (1582-1641). german passport duchess 1646

The marriage, in which a multiplicity of royal personages in Darmstadt were present, was celebrated very complex. His marriage to Anna Eleanor had a significant influence on the politics of George in the Hesse war of houses Darmstadt and Kassel to Hesse-Marburg. George knew the excellent relations of his father’s house to use for themselves. Anna Eleanor had with her father an extensive correspondence of a political nature.

The duke secured in his will that his wife Anna Eleanor, next to his brother and his brother, will be the guardian of their sons. The paternal her house devoted widow gave her brother Johann takes the command of the Brunswick-Lüneburg troops. Anna Eleanor lived until her death in her widow’s residence Schloss Herzberg where all their children were born. Anna Eleanor was buried in the royal crypt in St. Mary’s Church in Celle. german passport duchess 1646

Anna Eleonore ruled the duchy from her widow’s seat at Herzberg Castle, known as the cradle of the English royal family (House of Hanover), since Anna Eleonore gave birth there to the Elector of Hanover, Ernst August, father of the English King George I.


 

Reisepass aus dem Dreißigjährigen Krieg
ANNA ELEONORE v. Hessen-Darmstadt (1601-1659), Herzogin von Braunschweig-Lüneburg. Passierschein mit eigh. U. u. schwarzem Lacksiegel, Herzberg, 18. Dezember 1646. Dt. Handschrift auf Papier, c. 20 x 32 cm, 1 S.

Sehr frühes und seltenes Ausweisdokument aus der Endphase des Dreißigjährigen Krieges für einen herzoglichen Boten nach Heringen und Eisleben, dem vermutlich die Überbringung der alljährlichen fürstlichen Weihnachtspost oblag. – An der rechten unteren Ecke findet sich ein Vermerk über die Auszahlung des Botenlohns (27 Gulden) vom 30. Januar 1647. – Anna Eleonore, Tochter des Landgrafen Ludwig V. von Hessen-Darmstadt (1577–1626), ehelichte 1617 den späteren Herzog Georg von Braunschweig und Lüneburg (1582-1641). Nach dessen Tod regierte Anna Eleonore das Herzogtum von ihrem Witwensitz Schloss Herzberg, das als Wiege des englischen Königshauses (Haus Hannover) bekannt ist, da Anna Eleonore dort den Kurfürsten von Hannover, Ernst August, Vater des englischen Königs Georg I., gebar. german passport duchess 1646

Original German Text german passport duchess 1646
„Von Gottes Gnaden Anna Eleonora, Herzogin zu Braunschweig und Lüneburg, gebohrene Landgräfin zue Hessen, Wittib, etc. Demnach wir gegenwertigen unsern Botten Jacob Bierwirth naher Heringen und Eisleben abgefertiget haben, So ersuchen wir jedermenniglichen Standes gepüer nach, hiemit denselben aller endts frey sicher undt, ungehindert passiren und repassiren undt ihm allen guten beförderlichen Willen zeigen und widerfahren zu lassen. Urkuntlich unseres fürstlichen Handtzeichens undt Secrets. Geben uff unser Witthumbs Residentz Herzbergh am 18. Decembris anno 1646“ german passport duchess 1646


 

Anna_Eleonore_v_Hessen-Darmstadt_18_Dez 1646 Passierschein
The oldest document in my collection and 370+ years old!
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2 Comments

  1. England and Germany: the long connection in the genes of the English royal family!
    (I do not think the little Brexit “hiccup” will be more than a little historical footnote by the end of this century)

    Thanks for showing this beautiful early passport!

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