German Passport – US Consulate Moscow 1915

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German Passport USA Moscow

German Passport USA Moscow
Mr. Eisenmann (age 60) and wife Therese (49) returning to Germany

WOW, what a finding was presented to me by our fellow collector G.J. when we met once again for collectors meeting at Lake Constance a few days ago. What you see here is a quite rare German Empire passport issued by the United States of America at the US Consulate General in Moscow 1915! You might think “How is this possible?”

German Passport USA Moscow
American Consulate General in Moscow, German passport 1915, very rare!
German Passport USA Moscow
Stamp confirms the Bergmann’s passed the Dresden military control point and have to report again in the city of Villingen.

We need to take a look into the chronology of WWI which has its source with the Assassination at Sarajevo of Archduke Ferdinand (28th  June 1914). Just a few weeks later Germany declares war on Russia (1st August 1914). Around this date, the United States of America handled the German interests in Russia as a German Consulate or Embassy wasn’t any longer in function. I f you see them, grab them! German Passport USA Moscow


The passport shown here is for sure one of the rarest travel documents a collector can find especially related to WWI history. At wartime, it’s not that unusual that “neutral” countries handled the interests of a country at “enemies soil”. See also WWII when the Swiss Legation handled German interests in the United Kingdom as these two countries were at war.

German passport extended by the Swiss in LondonGerman NS passport renewed by the Special Division Swiss Legation in London, very rare!

Other examples are passports issued in German interests by the Swiss on the Philippine Islands or the American Embassy in Washington. Such documents were issued during unusual circumstances and with support of diplomatic relations between nations, especially during war times. Hence these kinds of travel documents are always an extraordinary addition to any passport collection. German Passport USA Moscow

However, a German Empire passport issued by the United States of America is something very unique and I see such a document the very first time. Fantastic! Thanks for sharing Gerhard!

German Passport USA Moscow

US Passport Sue Voss issued in Havana, Cuba

FAQ Passport History
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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...