German Prussian Passport 1922 – Palestine Wanderer

This German Prussian passport from 1922 was issued in Breslau an bears a early visa for Palestine (via Egypt) issued by the British at their embassy in Berlin plus an Austrian visa marked as “PALÄSTINAWANDERER” – Palestine Wanderer. Page eight shows also two stamps from Jaffa that the passport holder indeed entered Palestine on 22 March 1923.

prussia passport 1922 prussia passport 1922

Aliyah is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the Land of Israel (Eretz Israel in Hebrew). Also defined as “the act of going up”—that is, towards Jerusalem—”making Aliyah” by moving to the Land of Israel is one of the most basic tenets of Zionism.

This passport is related to the third (of five) Aliyah. Between 1919 and 1923, 40,000 Jews, mainly from Eastern Europe arrived in the wake of World War I. The British occupation of Palestine and the establishment of the British Mandate created the conditions for the implementation of the promises contained in the Balfour Declaration of 1917. Many of the Jewish immigrants were ideologically driven pioneers, known as halutzim, trained in agriculture and capable of establishing self-sustaining economies. In spite of immigration quotas established by the British administration, the Jewish population reached 90,000 by the end of this period. The Jezreel Valley and the Hefer Plain marshes were drained and converted to agricultural use. Additional national institutions arose such as the Histadrut (General Labor Federation); an elected assembly; national council; and the Haganah, the forerunner of the Israel Defense Forces.

The peak was the fifth Aliyah (1929-1939) where more than 250.000 Jews came to Palestine.

German Prussian Passport 1922 – Palestine Wanderer