Hugo Miranda • Senator of the Republic of Chile

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Hugo Miranda • Senator of the Republic of Chile

Hugo Miranda Senator ChileHugo Miranda Ramírez (Santiago, December 1, 1921Vicuna, July 1, 2011) was a Chilean lawyer, politician, diplomat, deputy, senator, and Radical Party (PR) leader. Son of Jorge Miranda Herrera and Flor María Ramírez Jorquera, he studied at the Liceo Gregorio Cordovez de La Serena and later at the Faculty of Law of the University of Chile. He graduated as a lawyer (1948), with the memory of Political parties in the Chilean Constitutional Law. Hugo Miranda Senator Chile

During his collegiate years, he became involved in politics, joining the Radical Youth, of which he would become president in 1944. He became generalissimo in Gabriel González Videla’s political campaign two years later. He was the president of his alma mater’s Student Federation (1947 ).

In 1949 he was elected deputy for the first time (Fourth Departmental Group: La Serena, Coquimbo, Elqui, Ovalle, Combarbalá, and Illapel ), a position he was in re-elected three times: 1953, 1957, and 1961. From December 18, 1962, to April 12, 1964, he was president of the Chamber of Deputies.

He became a senator for Atacama and Coquimbo in 1965 and 1973, but his second term was left unfinished following the 1973 coup d’état. The dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet detained him in the Military School and later relegated him to Dawson Island. In 1975 Miranda was exiled to Venezuela, and from there, he went to Mexico, invited by the country’s government, where he settled. There he was director of the House of Chile. Hugo Miranda Senator Chile

With the return of democracy, Miranda returned to Chile, and in 1990 he was appointed ambassador to Mexico and later to the Dominican Republic. He was married to Cecilia Bachelet Pizarro, a former President Michelle Bachelet‘s father, Aviation General Alberto Bachelet. From the marriage, he had three children: Cecilia, Pilar, and Hugo.

In his last years, he lived in his field in Vicuna and was part of the Cooperativa Agrícola Pesquera Elqui Limitada (CAPEL). He died in Vicuna on July 1, 2011.

The Passport Hugo Miranda Senator Chile

Hugo Miranda Senator Chile

The black leather-covered passport is an official type for deputies of the national congress. The condition is excellent, 24 pages, of which nine pages have entries. When this document was issued on 19 Aug 1957, Ramirez was 35 years old. There is also a US-B2 visa from the American embassy in Santiago. He entered the USA via Miami in Sep 1957. Hugo Miranda Senator Chile

A very nice document of a notable Chilean politician and diplomat.

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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...