Large French Passport 1827 Prince Jules De Polignac

French passport 1827

French passport 1827
French passport 1827
French passport 1827

Made out in “de Polignac’s” autograph for Anne Russell, native d’angleterre’, who is traveling ‘a Calais ou Boulogne’. Signed by French Ambassador in Britain, Prince Jules de Polignac, signed by her and secretary  Comte de Flavigny. Numbered 5627. Stamped on the reverse, with a signed note in another hand. This document comes from the papers of Sir William Hamilton (1788-1877), British Consul at Boulogne-sur-Mer from 1826 to 1873. (A member of a distinguished Scottish family, Sir William Hamilton was the longest-serving British consul of the nineteenth century).
Prince Jules de Polignac, 3rd Duke of Polignac (Auguste Jules Armand Marie, 14 May 1780 – 2 March 1847), was a French statesman. He was an ultra-royalist politician after the Revolution and prime minister under Charles X just before the 1830 July Revolution which overthrew the Bourbon dynasty.

Born in Versailles, Jules was the younger son of Jules, 1st Duke of Polignac, and Gabrielle de Polastron, a confidante and favorite of Queen Marie-Antoinette. Due to his mother’s privileged position, the young Jules was raised in the environment of the court of Versailles, where his family occupied a luxurious suite of thirteen rooms. His sister, Aglaé, was married to the duc de Guîche at a young age, helping to cement the Polignac family’s position as one of the leaders of high society at Versailles.Jules married twice. He married firstly, in 1816 at London to Barbara Campbell (Ardneaves House, Islay 22 Aug 1788-Saint-Mandé 23 May 1819), a young Scotswoman, who later returned with him to France, with whom he had two children.After her death in 1819, he married in London on 3 June 1824 Charlotte, Comtesse de Choiseul, widow of Comte Cesar de Choiseul (d 1821), née Honourable (Maria) Charlotte Parkyns (St.Marylebone 6 Jan 1792-1/2 Sep 1864). She was the youngest child (of six children) and daughter of Thomas Boothby-Parkyns Lord Rancliffe and his wife Elizabeth Anne James, and sister of George Augustus Anne Parkyns, Lord Rancliffe and Henrietta, Lady Rumbold (1789-1833) wife of Sir William Rumbold, 3rd Bt.in 1824. He had met her while she was renewing her passport at the London embassy, and he was Ambassador (1823-1829).They had 5 children, of whom two were born while their father was (comfortably) in prisonOn 8 August 1829 Charles X appointed him to the ministry of foreign affairs and in the following November Polignac became president of the council, effectively the most powerful politician in France. His appointment was considered a step towards overthrowing the constitution and Polignac, with other ministers, was held responsible for the decision to issue the Four Ordinances, which were the immediate cause of the revolution of July 1830.Upon the outbreak of revolt he fled, wandering for some time among the wilds of Normandy before he was arrested at Granville. At his trial before the chamber of peers he was condemned and sentenced to ‘perpetual’ imprisonment at the chateau in Ham. But he benefited by the amnesty of 1836, when the sentence was commuted to exile. During his captivity he wrote Considerations politiques (1832). Afterwards, he spent several years in exile in England before being permitted to re-enter France on condition that he never again take up his abode in Paris.From his second marriage to Maria-Charlotte, Jules de Polignac had fathered seven children, including Prince Ludovic de Polignac (1827-1904), a lieutenant-colonel in the French Army who participated in the colonization of Algeria; Prince Camille Armand Jules Marie, Prince de Polignac (1832-1913), a major-general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War and Prince Edmond de Polignac (1834-1901), a composer, musical theorist and proponent of the octatonic scale.Jules died at St. Germain in 1847 of the effects of his imprisonment; about one month prior he had assumed the title of Duc (Prince) de Polignac upon the death of his older brother, Armand, who had died without children.Comte Pierre de Polignac, later Prince Pierre, Duke of Valentinois father of Rainier III of Monaco and therefore the entire current princely family is descended from a different and cadet branch of the de Polignac family which has the comital rank only. Pierre was the youngest son, descended from the youngest son of the first Duke of Polignac.
Large French Passport 1827 Prince Jules De Polignac