77 years end of WWII
Usually, I do not collect such documents, but this ID got my attention as such WWII Russian documents are not often to find, and this one is special as this officer fought in STALINGRAD! Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
Meet Ukrainian senior lieutenant Yankovsky Victor Stanislavovich, born on 23 Dec 1908. In 1942/43, he served as battalion chief of staff and chief of the 1328 rifle regiment – South Front, which was part of the 315th Rifle Division, a standard Red Army rifle division formed for the first time on February 12, 1942, in the Siberian Military District before being sent to the vicinity of Stalingrad, where it was engaged in the futile efforts to break through to the besieged city from the north near Kotluban.
On 19th August 1943, while crossing the River Mius, Victor was wounded heavily to legs, left hand, and head and was evacuated to the hospital № 2556.
He received the following awards: Order Red Star – Medal For Defense of Stalingrad and Medal For Victory over Germany.
Battle of Stalingrad
The Battle of Stalingrad marked the beginning of a critical turning point in the war, and this pivotal change of fortune was subsequently consolidated in the Battle of Kursk. Soviet forces firmly took the strategic initiative into their hands and didn’t let go until the final victory. Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
The Soviet troops advancing from Stalingrad raced towards Rostov-on-Don to cut off Kleist’s escape route. However, fierce resistance by the enemy didn’t allow them to liberate the city until February 14, 1943. Romanian and German troops had had enough time to withdraw to defensive positions on the River Mius and the so-called ‘Blue Line’ on the Taman Peninsula, which protected the route to the Crimea. And there, the Red Army offensive was halted.
Even before the end of the Battle of Kursk, the Red Army started trying to break through enemy defenses at other sectors of the Soviet-German front, particularly in the defensive line on the Mius River and the course of the ‘Mga Offensive Operation’ outside Leningrad. Despite setbacks, the operations allowed several German divisions to be pinned down and prevented from participating in ‘Operation Citadel.’ Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
After the triumph on the Kursk Salient, the offensive by Soviet troops rapidly gained momentum: In August 1943, the Mius-Front was breached, the liberation of the Donbas began, and Kharkiv was regained. In September, the Red Army dislodged the Germans from the ‘Blue Line’ on the Taman Peninsula, forcing them to evacuate to Crimea, liberate Smolensk, and enter the territory of Belorussian. Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
The Military ID Document Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
A big shout-out to my friend Albert, who took the time and effort to translate the document content for me! Thank you! Military-ID USSR Officer Stalingrad
FAQ Passport History pasaporte passeport паспорт 护照 パスポート جواز سفر पासपोर्ट
1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?
The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...
2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?
Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...
3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?
"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...
4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?
Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...
5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?
Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.
6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?
7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?
During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...
8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?
Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.
9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?
Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.
10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?
A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉
11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?
First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...
Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.
Question? Contact me...
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