1944 Swedish Protection Pass (Schutz-Pass)

www.passport-collector.com

Following up on previous article about Wallenberg… After training as an architect at the University of Michigan, Wallenberg became First Secretary to the Swedish legation in Budapest in 1944 and began his effort to save Hungarian Jews who were being…

Special Hungarian Passport

www.passport-collector.com

(by our hungarian fellow collector Mark D.) This a special passport issued in 1953. Actually it’s not a passport but “UTIOKMANY” = Travel Document. ÁVH- Államvédelmi Hatóság (State Protection Authority) issued this type to Hungarian citizens only who lived in…

Soviet Russia Passport Tolerance

In Soviet Russia everyone had to have a passport. And everybody had to state his race in the passport. If you were Russian (slavic) you had to write “Russian”, but if you were Jewish or Polish you had to write…

Operation Ezra and Nehemiah

From 1950 to 1952, Operation Ezra and Nehemiah airlifted 120–130,000 Iraqi Jews to Israelvia Iran and Cyprus. By 1968 only 2,000 Jews remained in Iraq. Today fewer than 100 Jews remain, all of whom live in Baghdad. The operation is…