Captain George Younghusband
Passport for Captain George William Younghusband (1856-1897) of the Indian Army granting him permission to travel in Russia, he being the first cousin of Sir Francis Younghusband who at the very same time was on a mission to Chinese Turkestan and Hunza to gather intel on Russian activities, with the aim of opening Anglo-Russo trade agreements. Featuring the stamped signature of Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, steel engraved armorial illustrations to header and footer, several Russian stamps and signatures to verso, and the passport holder’s original signature. Printed text is in English. With annotations and official entry stamps in Russian, including one made at Saint Petersburg approximately 24 February and another at Moscow 18 October 1890. Single leaf, with the watermark of J. Whatman and the year 1890, measuring approximately 38 x 28 cm. Creased, otherwise in very good condition, beautifully preserved, clean, and bright. Captain George Younghusband
The passport holder, Captain George William Younghusband (1856-1897), served with the 34th Regiment, 2nd Punjab Cavalry. The date of this passport lends itself to the question of whether Captain George W. Younghusband intended on gaining insight on Russia to aid his cousin, possibly as an informant, his cousin being none other than the revered Lieutenant Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband, KCSI KCIE (1863-1942), who was at the same time in neighboring regions reconnoitering Russian activities in Hunza. Younghusband and Macartney wintered in Kashgar and met with Russian agent Nikolai Petrovsky, who had always resisted trade with Xinjiang (Sinkiang). Captain George Younghusband
Captain George Younghusband
This unusual and interesting surname is a nickname for a young husband, young householder, or a young farmer. It derives from the Old English pre 7th Century ‘husbonda’ meaning ‘husband’. The name was first recorded in the late 13th Century (see below). One Robert the yengehusbonde is recorded in the Charters and Rolls for Suffolk, 1277. Robert le Yungehusbonde is recorded as a witness in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire, 1298. Matthew Younghusband was christened on March 5th, 1698 in St. Olave, Southwark, London. On May 13th, 1721 in St. Mary’s, Abchurch, London, William Younghusband married Sarah Bell. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Richard le Yongehosebonde, which was dated 1275, Subsidy Rolls for Worcestershire, during the reign of King Edward 1, ‘The Hammer of the Scots’, 1272-1307. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England, this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to “develop” often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling. Captain George Younghusband
FAQ Passport History
Passport collection, passport renewal, old passports for sale, vintage passport, emergency passport renewal, same day passport, passport application, pasaporte passeport паспорт 护照 パスポート جواز سفر पासपोर्ट
1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?
The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...
2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?
Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...
3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?
"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...
4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?
Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...
5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?
Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.
6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?
7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?
During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...
8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?
Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.
9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?
Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.
10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?
A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉
11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?
First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...
Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.
Question? Contact me...