Im Jahr 2000 besuchte der schwerkranke Johannes Paul II. Jerusalem. An der Klagemauer schob er mit zitternder Hand einen Zettel in eine Steinfuge, wie es fromme Pilger tun. Darauf stand eine Bitte um Vergebung, die er dann in der Holocaust-Gedenkstätte Yad Vashem wiederholte, um Vergebung für alle Ausbrüche von „Hass, Verfolgung und Vertreibung, ausgelöst durch den Antisemitismus der Christen“. Es war keine fromme Predigt, sondern ein fast schon juristisch klares Statement, schnörkellos, wie ein Schuldbekenntnis vor Gericht, ohne Beschönigen und spirituelles Verkleistern.
Nach dieser kurzen Rede stürzte eine ältere Dame auf ihn zu und brach in Tränen aus. Edith Tzirer, so hieß die Frau, war elf Jahre alt gewesen, als die SS im Januar 1945 das KZ Auschwitz räumte. Der Theologiestudent Karol Wojtyła, 24 Jahre alt, fand die halbverhungerte, völlig entkräftete Edith am Straßenrand, organisierte Tee und ein Stück Brot. Dann trug er sie kilometerweit zu einer Bahnstation, von wo aus andere Juden Edith in Sicherheit brachten.
In 2000 the seriously ill John Paul II visited Jerusalem. At the Wailing Wall with a trembling hand he pushed a piece of paper in a stone seam, as devout pilgrims do. On it was a plea for forgiveness , which he then repeated in the Holocaust memorial Yad Vashem , for forgiveness of all outbreaks of ” hatred, persecution and expulsion , triggered by the antisemitism of Christians.” It was not a religious sermon , but an almost legally clear statement , straightforward , as an admission of guilt in court, without glossing over spiritual and pasting .
After this short speech, an elderly lady rushed up to him and burst into tears . Edith Tzirer, was the woman who had been eleven years old when the SS in January 1945 left the concentration camp Auschwitz. The theology student Karol Wojtyła found 24 years old, half-starved and completely exhausted Edith on the roadside, organized tea and a piece of bread. Then he carried her for miles to a railway station , from where other Jews brought Edith to safety.
FAQ Passport History
Passport collection, passport renewal, old passports for sale, vintage passport, emergency passport renewal, same day passport, passport application, pasaporte passeport паспорт 护照 パスポート جواز سفر पासपोर्ट
1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?
The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...
2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?
Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...
3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?
"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...
4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?
Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...
5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?
Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.
6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?
7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?
During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...
8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?
Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.
9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?
Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.
10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?
A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉
11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?
First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...
Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.
Question? Contact me...