Principality of Monaco – Charles III Passport 1883

This is a most scarce document for any passport collector – an early 1883 Prince Charles III. travel document in excellent condition. Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

From 20 June 1856 till his death on 10 September 1889, Charles III (Charles Honoré Grimaldi; 8 December 1818 – 10 September 1889) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois. His title in Monegasque and Italian was Carlo III, and he was the founder of the famed casino in Monte Carlo. He was the only son of Florestan, Prince of Monaco, and Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz and was born in Paris. Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

In Brussels, Charles married Countess Antoinette de Mérode-Westerloo on September 28, 1846, while still a Hereditary Prince. In 1856, he succeeded his father, Prince Florestan I. During his reign, the towns of Menton and Roquebrune, which together account for almost 80% of Monegasque territory, were formally relinquished to France, clearing the way for formal French recognition of Monaco’s independence. For decades, armed uprisings in these towns, sponsored by the Kingdom of Sardinia, had depleted Monaco’s military forces.

The Principality needed money badly, so Prince Charles and his mother, Princess Caroline, devised the plan to build a casino. The Monte Carlo Casino was built on Les Spélugues and was created in the German-style to the Prince’s delight. After all, Monte Carlo (in English, Mount Charles) is named after its founder, Charles. To administer the Casino, Charles founded a society (company), which is now known as the Société des Bains de Mer de Monaco. The famous casino opened in 1863. Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

The Principality of Monaco strengthened its diplomatic efforts under Charles III; for example, in 1864, Charles III signed a Treaty of Friendship with Muhammad III as-Sadiq, the Bey of Tunis, which governed trade and maritime difficulties. In 1869, the principality stopped collecting income tax from its residents—an indulgence the Grimaldi family could afford to entertain thanks solely to the extraordinary success of the casino. This made Monaco not only a playground for the rich but a favored place for them to live. Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

In 20 years of collecting, this is only the second time I found a 19th Century Monaco passport.
This travel document was issued to Jules Wurmser, director of the registration authority.

Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

Principality Monaco Charles III Passport

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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...