This is the diplomatic passport of Mary Veesenmayer, the beautiful wife of Edmund Veesemayer, who was a German politician, SS-Brigadeführer and war criminal. He significantly contributed to The Holocaust in Hungary and Croatia. He was a subordinate of Ernst Kaltenbrunner and Joachim von Ribbentrop; and collaborated with Adolf Eichmann. But lets take a closer look at Mary’s diplomatic passport.
Her diplomatic passport is a quite late issue (14 April 1944) and was valid till 14 April 1946, the last border stamp was from 25 March 1945 at Sankt Margarethen. Just weeks before the downfall and surrender of the Third Reich. But beside the late issue this is the most beautiful passport picture I ever saw in a NS diplomatic passport. Mary was a Russian girl, based on the place of birth, Zarizyn a.d. Wolga which means Tsaritsyn on Volga, as far as I understand now it is Volgograd (Thank you, Albert). A fantasic collectible and a great item of passport history.
Edmund Veesenmayer joined the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in 1932 and the SS in 1934. He joined influential business circles, making many friends in high places. From March 1940 he was entrusted with planning to move the (neutral) Irish against Britain. At the beginning of 1941 he was attached to the German diplomatic staff in Zagreb (Croatia).
He played an important role in the persecution and murder of Croatian and Serbian Jewry. On March 19, 1944 he became Reich plenipotentiary in Hungary after the German occupation, “authorized representative of the Greater German Reich” in Hungary.
In a telegram dated 13 June 1944 he reported to the Foreign Office: “transport Jews from Carpathian Mountains and Transylvania space … with a total of 289,357 Jews in 92 complete trains of 45 cars”. On 15 June 1944 Veesenmayer told Ribbentrop in a telegram that some 340,000 Jews had been delivered to the Reich. He also announced that after final settlement of the Jewish question, the number of deported Hungarian Jews would reach 900,000.
In the Ministries Trial in 1949 he received a sentence of 20 years’ imprisonment for crimes against humanity, slavery and membership in a criminal organization. This was reduced to 10 years in 1951. He was released on December 16 of the same year.
After his release, between 1952 and 1955, Veesenmayer was working as a representative for a manufacturer of agricultural machinery in Iran. At the end of his life, he lived in Darmstadt. Veesenmayer died in Darmstadt in 1977.
Rare Third Reich Diplomatic Passport – Beautiful Wife Of A War Criminal