Romanian Minister murdered by the Iron Guards

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Romanian Minister Iron Guards

Victor Iamandi was born on 15 Feb 1891 in Hodora village, town Cotnari, Iasi county and died between 26 and 27 November 1940 in Jilava prison. He was a lawyer, professor, and politician. Bachelor of Law and the Faculty of Letters, History, University of Iasi (1913-19l4). Practice law and was appointed professor of history at the National High School in Iasi. PNL member (National Liberal Party) since the end of World War I, became a deputy in 1922 and has led several ministerial positions in the governments.

  • Undersecretary of State
  • Ministry of Interior (5 Jan – 1 Oct 1934)
  • Secretary of State (2 Oct 1934 – 29 Aug 1936)
  • Minister of Religious Affairs and Arts (29 Aug 1936 – 28 Dec 1937)
  • Minister of Education and ad -int. Cults and Arts (concomitantly, 10 Feb – 30 Mar 1938)
  • Minister of Justice (30 Mar 1938 – 23 Nov 1939)
  • Royal Advisory (23 Nov 1939)
  • Member of the Executive FRN – National Renaissance Front (20 Jan 1939)

After the abdication of the monarch (6 Sept 1940), he was killed by the Iron Guard (Legion) in the Jilava Massacre on the night of 26/27 Nov 1940 among former other officials. Sixty-four political detainees were killed by the Iron Guard, with further high-profile assassinations in the immediate aftermath.

These are his two passports.

Passport 1933 as Member of Parliament. Visas: Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, and France

Romanian Minister Iron Guards

Diplomatic Passport 1934 as Secretary of State including his beautiful wife Anna.
Diplomatic visas: several Germany, several France, several Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Hungary, and British Passport Control – Paris

Romanian Minister Iron Guards

FAQ Passport History
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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...