The first Passport of Federal Germany

First Passport Federal Germany
As a genuine researcher and collector of German passports, it gives me today a great pleasure to display (one) of the very first “Federal Republic Of Germany” passports. After WWII, Germany was occupied by the Allied Forces and divided into four sectors. For six years, passports, travel permits, etc., were issued only by the Allied Forces Travel Board. On Feb 1, 1951, the power to issue passports was finally returned to Federal Germany. However, the Allied Forces still issued travel documents in Berlin only till 1968 (23 years after WWII).

Now I was excited to find out that a Federal Germann passport was issued at German Consulate General in New York, already on Nov 13, 1950(!) First Passport Federal Germany

One Of The Very First Federal Republic Of Germany Passport
One of the first passports issued by the Federal German government at their consulate in New York, November 1950.

The passport was issued to a business manager from Stuttgart, Germany living in New York. Two renewals till 1955. Several visas to Germany, France, Belgium, and Switzerland. The passport number is 190/50 (while the document serial number is 1000194), so we can assume that until November 1950, only 190 passports were issued. While researching when Germany established diplomatic relations again, I could only find clear evidence of the Consulate General in London, based on June 16, 1950. I believe mid-1950 was the earliest date when German Consulates and Embassies were established.

It’s fantastic that I could grab this early document which is my best knowledge, the first issued Federal Germany passport of physical existence.

During my research, I found out that the US Consulate in Hamburg was just the 11th Consulate worldwide, where the United States Of America established diplomatic relations with foreign nations. The Hamburg Consulate was established in 1790, and John Parish was his first Vice-Consul. The first foreign US diplomatic mission was established in 1781 in Paris. First Passport Federal Germany


FAQ Passport History
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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...