The Passport of Zionist Leader Vladimir Jabotinsky

The Passport of Zionist Leader Vladimir Jabotinsky

Zeev Jabotinsky was born Vladimir Yevgenyevich Zhabotinsky on October 18, 1880, in Odessa. In his lifetime, he was an author, poet, and soldier. He was mostly known for founding the Jewish Self Defense Organization in Odessa and starting Zionist Revisionism. He also co-founded the Jewish Legion of the British Army during World War I, and he was also a founder of Beitar, HaTzhohar, and the Irgun, in then Palestine. He was ordained a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1919. Sometime before the Kishinev pogrom, Jabotinsky joined the Zionist movement and created the Jewish Self Defense Organization with more pogroms being sensed for the future. The goal was to safeguard the Jewish communities of Russia. At this time, he learned Hebrew and abandoned his name Vladimir to become Zeev. Self-defense and gun ownership was his main goals for the Jewish population of Russia. In 1903, he was elected as the Russian delegate to the Sixth Zionist Congress, eventually replacing Herzl after his passing. During World War I, he led the Jewish legion with Joseph Trumpeldor. In 1920 Jabotinsky organized and led a Jewish self-defense movement (Haganah) against the Arabs in Palestine. The British, who then ruled the country, sentenced him to 15 years at hard labor, but this action provoked such an outcry that he was soon reprieved. He was then elected to the First Assembly of Representatives in Palestine. He founded Keren haYesod, becoming its director of propaganda to leave the mainstream Zionist movement to create Betar in 1923. The main objective was establishing a Jewish State in then Palestine with the help of the British. In the 1930s, he became deeply concerned with Anti-Semitism in Eastern Europe and prepared an evacuation plan for Jews to immigrate to Palestine. Jabotinsky passed away of a heart attack in NYC in 1940 and was buried in New Montefiore Cemetery. He was re-interred on Mount Herzl in 1964 along with his wife. Zionist Leader Vladimir Jabotinsky

His Austrian Alien passport was issued in Vienna on 30 May 1924 and valid for only 15 days for traveling to Czechoslovakia, Germany, and France. We can see a German and French transit visa and a few other stamps. His profession is the document is given as journalist.

The passport will be auctioned in the USA next month by J. Greenstein & Co., Inc. with a starting price of $20.000 (Estimate $25-30.000) plus a premium of 25%. Given that in 2017 his French ID-card reached the same price, his passport may be sold.

Zionism, a Jewish nationalist movement that has had its goal to create and support a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews (Hebrew: Eretz Yisraʾel, “the Land of Israel”). Though Zionism originated in eastern and central Europe in the latter part of the 19th century, it is in many ways a continuation of the ancient attachment of the Jews and the Jewish religion to the historical region of Palestine, where one of the hills of ancient Jerusalem was called Zion. Zionist Leader Vladimir Jabotinsky

Haganah (Hebrew: “Defense”), a Zionist military organization representing the majority of the Jews in Palestine from 1920 to 1948. Organized to combat the revolts of Palestinian Arabs against Palestine’s Jewish settlement, it early came under the Histadrut’s influence (“General Federation of Labour”). Although it was outlawed by the British Mandatory authorities and was poorly armed, it effectively defended Jewish settlements. Zionist Leader Vladimir Jabotinsky

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FAQ Passport History
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1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?

The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...

2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?

Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...

3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?

"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...

4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?

Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...

5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?

Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.

6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?

A passport tells the story of its bearer and these stories can be everything - surprising, sad, vivid. Isabella Bird and her travels (1831-1904) or Mary Kingsley, a fearless Lady explorer.

7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?

During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...

8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?

Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.

9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?

Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.

10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?

A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉

Other great sources are: Scottish Passports, The Nansen passport, The secret lives of diplomatic couriers

11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?

First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...

Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.

Question? Contact me...