Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (12 August 1903 – 9 November 1988) was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He served as Prefect of the Apostolic Palace from 1967 until his death and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1969. Vatican City passport
Nasalli Rocca studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Pontifical Roman Athenaeum S. Apollinare, and the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy before being ordained to the priesthood on 8 April 1927. He then began pastoral work in Rome and was made a canon of St. Peter’s Basilica. After being raised to the rank of a Privy Chamberlain of His Holiness on 22 November 1931, he later became a Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 1 July 1949. Pope John XXIII named Nasalli Rocca as Master of the Papal Chamber the day after his election, on 29 October 1958. Upon the death of John XXIII on 3 June 1963, Nasalli Rocca and all major Vatican officials, in accord with custom, automatically lost their positions during the sede vacante. He was later confirmed as the papal majordomo by Pope Paul VI on the following 21 June. He also became Prefect of the Apostolic Palace on 1 April 1967.
On 11 April 1969, Nasalli Rocca was appointed Titular Archbishop of Antium by Paul VI. He received his episcopal consecration on the following 20 April from Cardinal Paolo Marella, with Archbishop Diego Venini and Bishop Alberto Scola, serving as co-consecrators, in St. Peter’s Basilica. Pope Paul later created Nasalli Rocca Cardinal-Deacon of S. Giovanni Battista Decollato in the consistory of 28 April of that same year. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the conclaves of August and October 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I and John Paul II respectively. After ten years’ standing as a Cardinal-Deacon, Nasalli Rocca opted to become a Cardinal-Priest, with the same titular church, on 30 June 1979. He then lost the right to participate in any future conclaves upon reaching age 80 on 12 August 1983. Cardinal Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano died in a Roman clinic, where he had been admitted a week earlier, at age 85. He is buried in his native Piacenza.
Nowadays a Vatican passport is a passport issued by the Holy See or by Vatican City State. The state can issue normal passports for its citizens; the Holy See (see Legal status of the Holy See) issues personal, diplomatic, and service passports. Of the approximately 800 residents of Vatican City, over 450 have Vatican citizenship. These include approximately 135 Swiss Guards. About the same number of citizens of the state live in various countries, chiefly in the diplomatic service of the Holy See.
The Vatican City State law on citizenship, residence, and access, which was promulgated on 22 February 2011, classifies citizens into three categories:
- Cardinals resident in Vatican City or in Rome;
- Diplomats of the Holy See;
- Persons residing in Vatican City because of their office or service.
Only for the third category is an actual grant of citizenship required. Diplomatic passports of the Holy See, not passports of the Vatican State, are held by those in the Holy See’s diplomatic service. Service passports of the Holy See can be issued to people in the service of the Holy See even if not citizens of Vatican City. Vatican City passports are issued to citizens of the state who are not in the service of the Holy See. Passports issued by Vatican City are in Italian, French, and English, those issued by the Holy See are in Latin, French, and English.