Very Rare Republic Of Texas Passport Issued 1836

Republic of Texas Passport. One page, 8″ x 10″, Columbia [Texas], circa 1836. Names and descriptions are blank. This passport was intended to allow individuals “freely and safely to pass to and return from the United States.” Toned, somewhat unevenly around the margins. Minor vermin damage with some separations along folds.

USA Republic of Texas 1836 passport-002

USA Republic of Texas 1836 passport-001

The Republic of Texas was an independent sovereign country in North America that existed from March 2, 1836, to February 19, 1846. It was bordered by the nation of Mexico to the southwest, the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast, the two U.S. states of Louisiana and Arkansas to the east and northeast, and the United States territories encompassing the current U.S. states of Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico to the north and west. The citizens of the republic were known as Texians.

The republic was formed as a separate nation after gaining independence from Mexico in 1836. It claimed borders that included all of the present U.S. state of Texas and also parts of present-day Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Wyoming, and New Mexico, based upon the Treaties of Velasco between the newly-created Texas Republic and Mexico. The eastern boundary with the United States was defined by the Adams–Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819.

The republic’s southern- and western-most boundary with Mexico was under dispute throughout the republic’s entire existence. Texas claimed the boundary as the Rio Grande (a.k.a. Río Bravo/Río Bravo del Norte), while Mexico claimed the boundary as the Nueces River. This dispute would later become a trigger for the Mexican–American War of 1846–48.

The republic’s independence ended with Texas’s annexation by the U.S. on December 29, 1845, before finally gaining statehood in February 19 1846, two months before the Mexican-American War, which coined the term of American Imperialism.

Read the detailed history on the Republic of Texas here at the Texas State Historical Association

Very Rare Republic Of Texas Passport Issued 1836