Old passports are an area of Ephemera, which was never on high demand; this topic is a tiny but quite exclusive niche of collecting. Often their collectors are interested in travel, geography, politics, or a specific event in history. Some, obtaining every travel document they can find, others are more focused on a collection topic. In almost two decades, I have experienced many collectors from around the world. One fact is significant -it’s a male domain! From all the hundreds of collectors I have met (not all personally, of course), I have seen only a handful of women collecting old passports. reflections passport collectors market
Each collector sets its price limit for items to collect. Some like to spend only a few bucks per item; others have deeper pockets and spend serious money. In my book, LET PASS OR DIE, I elaborated a guideline for the value of old passports, which also shows somehow the level of passion as a collector. Maybe we can call it even “collectors maturity”? reflections passport collectors market
These are the range of values for old passports I suggested.
Ordinary documents: $10 – $100
Rare: $101 – $300
Very rare: $301 – $1000
Most rare: $1001 – $263.000 (the most expensive passport ever sold)
If you collect just for “fun” without a real purpose, you hardly will spend more than $20-$30, let alone $100 for a document but if you are ready to pay between $300 and $1000+ for a single passport, then surely you have a passion and a purpose (or just deep pockets to collect still for fun). A collection is also an investment. Collectibles are luxury items. They are unnecessary, but someone has the opportunity to spend extra money on it. reflections passport collectors market
Only a small fraction of all offered items at all the different online platforms get sold. I guess I tell you nothing new. But you might be surprised to read that this share of sold items is often only 5%-10% (at the first listing). From time to time, I do some research on auction platforms. So, it’s, of course, my experience I share here with you. As a mature and long-time collector, you always need to stay informed about the items you collect.
This means 90%-95% of collectible passports will not sell, and this has several different reasons.
- Too many ordinary items (some sellers list dozens of the same/similar type, and yet don’t sell any of them even at a bottom price)
- Too high price (Strategy of some sellers, set an excessively high price but with an offer option). Always know the market value for the items of your desire!
- Condition (poor/incomplete item). Acceptable only if a scarce document fills a gap in your collection!
- Seller doesn’t have adequate payment method nor ships international (I never understand domestic sellers, its the Internet for god’s sake)
Price versus Value Pricing*
There are always people setting ridiculous high prices on items due to the lack of knowledge or by purpose. Seller one did not do proper research and probably don’t even know what he’s possessing. His emotions set the price as he thinks he has something unique/rare.
Seller two, the one who sets the price too high by purpose, might be a collector who not really wants to sell (for a fair market price) but only for his own extraordinary high price. He offers a price option as well. Even if your 50% lower price offer is accepted, you still might pay too much (compared to the collectors market value). reflections passport collectors market
Some seller’s very same items pop up every few days with the same unrealistic high prices. Listing dozens of “treasures” but selling almost nothing, but very few things in the last 3-4 months. I see one guy he lists the very same passport for about three years and doesn’t make any adjustments. Maybe some of these sellers are desperate or having just a flat learning curve. Or they think “Every morning a fool wakes up, I just have to find him (to pay my ridiculous high price)”.
Then there is a long-time collector who sets reasonable start prices for his collectibles and let the market find its collectors value. His items always sell for a good/fair market price.
Of course, a collector should be able to make a profit when he departs from a collectible he was hunting for years. With a price that is right away 2-3 times higher than the value pricing? Well, then I would be very careful with such a seller!
And finally. Quality before quantity! A fact which I can’t stress enough. Rather spend solid money on one “diamond” than on a few “rocks”. Thank me later.
Future article: What to look out for at a collectible passport.
Cambridge Dictionary definition
*a way of deciding the price of a product, based on what
customers collectors think it is worth and on what they are willing to pay, rather than on what it costs to produce – rather than based on what a seller thinks it is worth! (adapted by the author)
There are only 5%-10% of “collectible items” available that meet a collector’s needs.
If you are a long-time collector, you are getting picky, and this number is even lower.
Therefore, again! Do your homework on the items you collect and desire. Do your research!
How often was a specific passport-type offered on the market in the past? In which condition?
To which price? Market knowledge is critical.