A very interesting travel document from Cold War times CSSR in 1955, which is now in the collection of my Czech friend Vladimir. This document I saw only twice. I was fortunate to grab this one and saw another one in the collection of my Slovak friend, Zbysek.
We can assume that the bearer of this Identity Travel Card was probably as Sudenten German as we can see a stamp of a German refugee camp. He relocated to West Germany. There is also an Allied Military Government visa for the Western Occupation Zones.
German-speaking residents of the Bohemian Crown, referred to as German Bohemians and German Moravians (known as Deutschböhmen und Deutschmährer in German and čeští Němci a moravští Němci in Czech), later became known as Sudeten Germans (Sudetendeutsche in German and sudetští Němci in Czech). These ethnic Germans inhabited the Czech lands within the Bohemian Crown, which eventually became an integral part of Czechoslovakia.
Before 1945, the population of German Bohemians exceeded three million, constituting approximately 23% of the entire country’s population and about 29.5% of the population in the regions of Bohemia and Moravia. The migration of ethnic Germans into the Kingdom of Bohemia, an electoral territory of the Holy Roman Empire, began in the 11th century, primarily in the border areas of what would later be known as the “Sudetenland,” a name derived from the Sudeten Mountains.
Following World War II, the majority of the German-speaking population in Czechoslovakia, who were predominantly Roman Catholic with only a small Protestant minority, were forcibly relocated to Germany and Austria.
I am glad the document is in the fine collection of my friend, who collects all types of Czech passports, and this one was missing.
Travel Document CSSR 1955
FAQ Passport History pasaporte passeport паспорт 护照 パスポート جواز سفر पासपोर्ट
1. What are the earliest known examples of passports, and how have they evolved?
The word "passport" came up only in the mid 15th Century. Before that, such documents were safe conducts, recommendations or protection letters. On a practical aspect, the earliest passport I have seen was from the mid 16th Century. Read more...
2. Are there any notable historical figures or personalities whose passports are highly sought after by collectors?
Every collector is doing well to define his collection focus, and yes, there are collectors looking for Celebrity passports and travel documents of historical figures like Winston Churchill, Brothers Grimm, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. Read more...
3. How did passport designs and security features change throughout different periods in history, and what impact did these changes have on forgery prevention?
"Passports" before the 18th Century had a pure functional character. Security features were, in the best case, a watermark and a wax seal. Forgery, back then, was not an issue like it is nowadays. Only from the 1980s on, security features became a thing. A state-of-the-art passport nowadays has dozens of security features - visible and invisible. Some are known only by the security document printer itself. Read more...
4. What are some of the rarest and most valuable historical passports that have ever been sold or auctioned?
Lou Gehrig, Victor Tsoi, Marilyn Monroe, James Joyce, and Albert Einstein when it comes to the most expensive ones. Read more...
5. How do diplomatic passports differ from regular passports, and what makes them significant to collectors?
Such documents were often held by officials in high ranks, like ambassadors, consuls or special envoys. Furthermore, these travel documents are often frequently traveled. Hence, they hold a tapestry of stamps or visas. Partly from unusual places.
6. Can you provide insights into the stories behind specific historical passports that offer unique insights into past travel and migration trends?
7. What role did passports play during significant historical events, such as wartime travel restrictions or international treaties?
During war, a passport could have been a matter of life or death. Especially, when we are looking into WWII and the Holocaust. And yes, during that time, passports and similar documents were often forged to escape and save lives. Example...
8. How has the emergence of digital passports and biometric identification impacted the world of passport collecting?
Current modern passports having now often a sparkling, flashy design. This has mainly two reasons. 1. Improved security and 2. Displaying a countries' heritage, icons, and important figures or achievements. I can fully understand that those modern documents are wanted, especially by younger collectors.
9. Are there any specialized collections of passports, such as those from a specific country, era, or distinguished individuals?
Yes, the University of Western Sidney Library has e.g. a passport collection of the former prime minister Hon Edward Gough Whitlam and his wife Margaret. They are all diplomatic passports and I had the pleasure to apprise them. I hold e.g. a collection of almost all types of the German Empire passports (only 2 types are still missing). Also, my East German passport collection is quite extensive with pretty rare passport types.
10. Where can passport collectors find reliable resources and reputable sellers to expand their collection and learn more about passport history?
A good start is eBay, Delcampe, flea markets, garage or estate sales. The more significant travel documents you probably find at the classic auction houses. Sometimes I also offer documents from my archive/collection. See offers... As you are already here, you surely found a great source on the topic 😉
11. Is vintage passport collecting legal? What are the regulations and considerations collectors should know when acquiring historical passports?
First, it's important to stress that each country has its own laws when it comes to passports. Collecting old vintage passports for historical or educational reasons is safe and legal, or at least tolerated. More details on the legal aspects are here...
Does this article spark your curiosity about passport collecting and the history of passports? With this valuable information, you have a good basis to start your own passport collection.
Question? Contact me...
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