An unusual German Empire passport – Kingdom of Saxony


When I first spotted this document, I thought – ah just another German Empire I already have in my archive. But then I had a second more in-depth look and saw it was issued 1910, for a Lieutenant with name Fritz Eulitz from the 5th Infantry Regiment “Kronprinz,” No. 104 in Chemnitz. Passport then still had no pictures – 108 years ago. I wonder how the just 24 years old officer looked like in his uniform. I did not find a photo of Fritz but some biography – see below…

Fritz’s passport for traveling to Brussels and Paris but the quite unusual fact is, the Royal War Department of Saxony issued the passport! Well, that is something which you don’t often see at all. Finally, I also find the signature of Fritz quite interesting, the two “Z” in his first and family name reminding me somehow on “ZORRO,” haha…

Anyway, a great historical and unusual document and I am glad I found it. Also look at the condition, the revenue stamp, and the seal at the last page. Nice!


An unusual German Empire passport - Kingdom of Saxony


Fritz Eulitz (1886 – 1947). Born in Langenbach near Zwickau; father Paul Eulitz, technical engineer, paper maker; mother Fanny Eulitz, daughter of a landowner from Grünau /Saxony.; after school in Zwickau Training as an officer of the infantry; after participation in the 1st World War (his latest rank was Major) studies agriculture and forestry; 1923 Takeover of his father’s factory Combustinwerk Eulitz u. Co. in Fährbrücke /Saxony.; 1931 Acquisition of castle and manor Scharfenstein at the forced sale; the foundation of the ornithological station Scharfenstein; ornithological work.

Eulitz was after the end of the WWII, expropriated by the Soviet occupying power as lord of the manor. Due to his good relations with the local occupation authorities, he was allowed to run his factory. However, at the end of 1945, he was arrested by local communists and taken to the camp of the Soviet secret service NKWD in Mühlberg a. d. Elbe, where he died of tuberculosis in 1947. It wasn’t until 1948 that the family found out about from the place of his imprisonment and his death.

This site was before a POW camp of the Wehrmacht known as STALAG IVB. About 300.000 POW’s from 40 different countries were interned there. About 3000 Pow’s died in the camp, mostly Russians. Then the NKWD run the camp from 1945-1948 and interned ca. 22.000 people, 6.700 died in the camp. More details HERE…

The Infantry Regiment “Kronprinz” (5th Royal Saxon) No. 104 was an infantry unit of the Electoral, later Royal Saxon Army. It was founded on 7 December 1701 as the “Infantry Regiment Graf Beichlingen” during the reign of Elector August the Strong and was dissolved after the loss of Saxon military autonomy on 31 March 1919. The following numbers were added to the system: 1701/5 (after Ticino), Infantry Regiment No. 4 and Old Prussian Infantry Regiment S 56 (after Bleckwenn). On June 15, 1930, a monument was inaugurated at the municipal cemetery in Chemnitz to those killed in action by the regiment.


An unusual German Empire passport – Kingdom of Saxony