German Alien Passport Chinese
A very unusual Nazi Alien passport issued to a “Chinese student” almost at the end of WWII in Brno in March 1945 and valid only until September 1945. Brno was then occupied territory by Nazi-Germany. However, Karla Stanislava was born in Prague in 1926 and obviously she married a Chinese citizen but does that make her a Chinese? Probably. She lost her Czech citizenship in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia most likely due to the German occupation (and additionally marrying a foreigner).
In mid-March 1939 Hitler had the Wehrmacht invade Czechoslovakia and occupy the western parts of the country. By Fuehrer’s decree of 16 March 1939 (“Protectorate Decree”) these were incorporated into the “Greater German Reich” as the “Reich Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia”. However, the Nazi government had no interest in making millions of Czechs German citizens. Thus Article 2 of the Protectorate Decree stipulated
“(1) The ethnic German inhabitants of the Protectorate shall become German citizens and, in accordance with the provisions of the Reich Citizenship Law of 15 September 1935 […] Reich citizens. They are therefore also subject to the provisions for the protection of German blood and German honor. They are subject to German jurisdiction.
(2) The remaining inhabitants of Bohemia and Moravia shall become citizens of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.
German women who married a foreigner before 23.05.1949 have lost their German citizenship even if they become stateless. Under certain circumstances, they may be naturalized again. German women who married a foreigner between 23.05.1949 and 31.03.1953 only lost German citizenship if they did not become stateless as a result. Since 01.04.1953, marriage to a foreigner is no longer a reason for the loss.
Also, a quite interesting article on the topic of “German passports for the descendants of persecuted Jews” is here.
Similarly, in March of 1907, US Congress e.g. passed the Expatriation Act, which decreed, among other things, that U.S. women who married non-citizens were no longer Americans. If their husband later became a naturalized citizen, they could go through the naturalization process to regain citizenship. But none of these rules applied to American men when they chose a spouse. Here, more on the topic.
A quite curious document of passport history during WWII. Sadly, the passport photo is missing but anyway, we would not really see a Chinese woman on the photo.
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (German: Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Czech: Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of the Czech lands on 15 March 1939. Earlier, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938, Nazi Germany had incorporated the Czech Sudetenland territory as a Reichsgau (October 1938). German Alien Passport Chinese
The protectorate’s population was the majority ethnic Czech, while the Sudetenland was majority ethnic German. Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, and the German occupation of the Czech rump state the next day, Adolf Hitler established the protectorate on 16 March 1939 by a proclamation from Prague Castle.
The German government justified its intervention by claiming that Czechoslovakia was descending into chaos as the country was breaking apart on ethnic lines and that the German military was seeking to restore order in the region. Czechoslovakia at the time under President Emil Hácha had pursued a pro-German foreign policy; however, upon meeting with the German Führer Adolf Hitler (15 March 1939), Hácha submitted to Germany’s demands and issued a declaration stating that in light of events he accepted that Germany would decide the fate of the Czech people; Hitler accepted Hácha’s declaration and declared that Germany would provide the Czech people with an autonomous protectorate governed by ethnic Czechs. Hácha was appointed president of the protectorate the same day. German Alien Passport Chinese
The Protectorate was a nominally autonomous Nazi-administered territory which the German government considered part of the Greater German Reich. The state’s existence came to an end with the surrender of Germany to the Allies in 1945.
German Alien Passport Chinese