German Alien Passport Moravia
I have seen plenty of German Alien passports and I do also have several in my archive but this one is an unusual new addition. 90% or even more were issued to forced laborers and stateless people and functioned rather as a resident permit within “The Reich”, than as a travel document. Alien passports with foreign travel are very rare. Very few of my documents are from foreign travels e.g. to Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Italy, and Switzerland. German Alien Passport Moravia
This document was issued in Budweis 1942 to Anna Lepova, a Hungarian national and I assume also a forced laborer as her occupation is stated as “agricultural worker”. Budweis was then part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. Her passport was three times extended and has several resident permits for the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. A rare document of passport history.
Attached to her Alien passport is a “Control card for foreign mail transactions”. These control cards had the purpose to limit the mail exchange to foreign countries, only two letters were allowed per month (with max. two pages), and the sender had to identify himself at the post office. Foreign mail exchange was then stamped in the control card. (Source: Reichsgesetzblatt 1944-1-1)
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (German: Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren; Czech: Protektorát Čechy a Morava) was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of the Czech lands on 15 March 1939. Earlier, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938, Nazi Germany had incorporated the Czech Sudetenland territory as a Reichsgau (October 1938).
The protectorate’s population was the majority ethnic Czech, while the Sudetenland was the majority ethnic German. Following the establishment of the independent Slovak Republic on 14 March 1939, and the German occupation of the Czech rump state the next day, Adolf Hitler established the protectorate on 16 March 1939 by a proclamation from Prague Castle. German Alien Passport Moravia