The House of Ascania ruled Anhalt-Bernburg, a principality of the Holy Roman Empire and a duchy of the German Confederation, with its seat in Bernburg, today’s Saxony-Anhalt. From 1252 to 1468, it was a subdivision of the Principality of Anhalt until the Ascanian principality of Anhalt-Dessau annexed it. Following the extinction of the line in 1863, Anhalt-Bernburg was re-created in 1603 and eventually absorbed into the re-unified Duchy of Anhalt. Principality Anhalt-Bernburg passport
When this passport was issued, Alexius Frederick Christian of Anhalt-Bernburg (12 June 1767 – 24 March 1834) was the ruler. A German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1796 until 1807, he was Reigning prince of the principality of Anhalt-Bernburg, and from 1807 until 1834, the first Duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg. In matters of religion, he was tolerant and enlightened; in 1820, he finally declared the Reformist and Lutheran faiths to be the official co-religions of his state. In 1826 he joined the German Zollverein and, in 1829, created a civil fund for orphans, widows, and servants. Principality Anhalt-Bernburg passport
In 1807, Emperor Francis II appointed him to the rank of Duke. Following the fall of the Holy Roman Empire, Alexius Frederick Christian joined the Rhine Confederation with his relatives, the Dukes of Anhalt-Dessau and Anhalt-Köthen. In Tyrol, Spain, Russia, Gdansk, and Kulm, some of his troops fought for Napoleon. He resigned from the Rhine Confederation on December 13, 1813, and sent his forces to Belgium and France with his allies in 1814 and 1815. He joined the German Confederation on June 8, 1815. On March 24, 1834, Duke Alexius Frederick Christian died in Ballenstedt. Principality Anhalt-Bernburg passport
His son Alexander Karl ruled the Duchy until 1863. He was the last duke of the Duchy of Anhalt-Bernburg.